ALL-OR-NOTHING THINKING: You
look at things in absolute, black-and-
white categories. If things aren't perfect,
they are a total failure.
OVERGENERALIZATION: You view a negative even as a never-ending
pattern of defeat.
MENTAL FILTER: You dwell on the negatives and ignore
DISCOUNTING/DISQUALIFYING THE POSITIVES: You insist
accomplishments or positive qualities "don't count".
JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS/MIND-READING: Not checking out what other people are thinking. You
that people are reacting negatively to you when there is not definite evidence
predictions are already facts. You
arbitrarily predict that things
will turn out badly.
MAGNIFICATION OR MINIMIZATION: You blow things way out
(catastrophic) or you shrink their importance inappropriately.
EMOTIONAL REASONING: You reason from how you feel: "I
fee/ like an
idiot, so I really must be one". Or "I don't
like doing this so I'll put it off'.
"SHOULD" STATEMENTS: You criticize yourself or other
"shoulds" or "shouldn'ts."
"Musts," "oughts," and "have tos" are similar
LABELING AND MISLABELING: You identify with your
Instead of saying "I
made a mistake," you tell yourself, "I'm a jerk," or "a fool"
or "a loser." It is directed at self as well
as others "He's an idiot."
AND BLAMING: You blame yourself for something you
weren't entirely responsible for, or you blame other people and overlook ways
that your own attitudes and behavior might
contribute to a problem. "I'm
other people do—So I must try to control them.